These lovable lap dogs get their name from the province "Pomerania" which was located where Eastern Germany is now. Originally brought to England in the 1700's, by Charlotte, King George III's new bride, this larger version of the toy dog would not become popular until the late 1800's The Pom was recognized by The Kennel Club of Great Britain in 1870
Pomeranians are related to Spitz dogs, Pomeranians once were at home in the arctic along with Huskies and Malamutes. Originating from Prussia and being brought into Pomerania, where they were named Pomeranian. Poms were then exported round Europe and used for herding sheep and even rounding up cattle.
The popularity of the poms spread quickly around Europe and the dog was soon bred down to its current size of about 5 pounds. Many of the famous have owned Poms including Michelangelo who’s Pom would sit on a silk pillow while he painted the Sistine chapel, Martin Luther who mentioned his toy dog several times in his work, Mozart who dedicated an aria to his pet Pom and Chopin who wrote the Valse des Petits Chiens for his girlfriends Pom.
Sir Isacc Newton’s pet Pomeranian Diamond, who had the bad habit of chewing up his master's manuscripts upset a candle that burnt papers, causing his nervous breakdown
Queen Victoria brought back a Red 12 pound Pom from Italy, in 1888, and this was the start of breeding smaller poms, to there every day weight of 3-5 pounds. Queen Victoria bought several smaller dogs and this was the start of breeding smaller poms as they were more attractive.
In the 1890's Poms were being shown in the ring with clsses "over 10lbs, and under 10lbs", with shows in 1896 with classes "over 8lbs, and under 8lbs"
During the 1890's the pomeranians being shown were weighing from 20lbs down to under 7lbs, and the classes reflected this
Today’s Pom is a compact dog with a soft undercoat and harsh long outer coat. It has a plumed tail that is upright with the end laying flat along the back. Its demeanor is alert and curious. With fox like appearance, the Pom has a short muzzle with rounded skull, small ears and almond shaped bright eyes.
1777 Picture of Pomeranian And Pup by Gainsborough hanging in the Tate Gallary London
2006 Picture of a Bilijee dog hanging about in my computer